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Date: 20th September 2017

Significant Weather Features (IMD) :
  • Southwest Monsoon has been Vigorous over Chhattisgarh and Konkan & Goa and active over East Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha, West Bengal & Sikkim, Madhya Maharashtra, Vidarbha, Assam & Meghalaya and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura.

  • Heavy to very heavy rain at a few places with extremely heavy falls at isolated places occurred over Konkan & Goa; Heavy to very heavy at isolated places over Madhya Maharashtra; heavy at isolated places over Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Odisha, Gangetic West Bengal, Assam & Meghalaya from 0830 IST of yesterday to 0830 hours IST of today.

  • Thunderstorm occurred at many place over Bihar; at a few place over Gangetic West Bengal, Chhattisgarh and Konkan; at isolated places over East Madhya Pradesh, Konkan & Goa, Odisha, Vidarbha, Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim, Assam & Meghalaya and Tripura from 0830 hours IST yesterday to 0830 hours IST of today.

  • The images showing the latest satellite picture in figure. 1.

    Main Weather Observations (IMD) :
    • Rainfalll occurred at most places over Chhattisgarh, Bihar, West Bengal & Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam & Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura, Konkan & Goa, North Madhya Maharashtra, Coastal Karnataka & Lakshadweep. At many places over East Madhya Pradesh, Vidarbha, Madhya Maharashtra, Odisha, Jharkhand, North Interior Karnataka and Kerala. At a few places over East Uttar Pradesh and South Interior Karnataka. At isolated places over Uttarakhand, West Uttar Pradesh, West Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Marathawada, Coastal Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

    • Maximum temperature departures as on 19.09.2017: Maximum temperatures were appreciably above normal (3.1°C to 5.0°C) at most places over West Rajasthan; at a few places over Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and at isolated places over West Madhya Pradesh and East Rajasthan; above normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at a few places over Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Bihar; at many places over Uttarakhand, East Uttar Pradesh, East Rajasthan; at isolated place over Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim, Assam & Meghalaya, West Uttar Pradesh, Punjab & Haryana, West Madhya Pradesh, East Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat region, Vidarbha, Tamilnadu and Coastal Andhra Pradesh. They were appreciably below normal (3.1°C to 5.0°C) at a few places over Odisha and at isolated places over Gangetic West Bengal, Madhya Maharashtra and North Interior Karnataka; below normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at a few places over Saurashtra & Kutch and North Interior Karnataka; at isolated places over South Interior Karnataka, Konkan and Gangetic West Bengal and near normal over rest parts of the country.

    • Minimum temperature departures as on 20.09.2017: Minimum temperatures are above normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at most places over Uttarakhand; at many places over West Madhya Pradesh, West Madhya Pradesh & Gujarat region; at a few places over West Rajasthan, East Madhya Pradesh, Saurashtra & Kutch, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and at isolated places over Jammu & Kashmir, East Madhya Pradesh, Vidarbha, Coastal Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam & Meghalaya and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura. They are below normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at a few places over Haryana and at isolated places over East Rajasthan, rest Assam & Meghalaya and near normal over rest parts of the country.

    Weather Warning during next 5 days (IMD :

  • 20 September (day 1): Heavy to very heavy rain with extremely heavy falls at isolated places very likely over Assam & Meghalaya; heavy to very heavy at isolated places over Madhya Pradesh, Vidarbha, Chhattisgarh, Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim, Madhya Maharashtra and Konkan & Goa; heavy at isolated places over Uttarakhand, East Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Gangetic West Bengal, Odisha, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura, south Gujarat region, Marathawada, Telangana.

  • 21 September (day 2): Heavy to very heavy rain at a few places with extremely heavy falls at isolated places very likely over West Madhya Pradesh; heavy to very heavy at isolated places over Vidarbha; heavy at isolated places over Uttar Pradesh, East Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam & Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura, north Madhya Maharashtra and Konkan & Goa.

  • 22 September (Day 3): Heavy rain very likely at isolated places over Uttarakhand, Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi, West Uttar Pradesh, East Rajasthan, West Madhya Pradesh, Assam & Meghalaya and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

  • 23 September (Day 4): Heavy to very heavy rain at isolated places very likely overHimachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand; heavy at isolated places over Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi, West Uttar Pradesh, Tamilnadu and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

  • 24 September (Day 5): Heavy rain at isolated places very likely over Uttarakhand, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Rayalaseema, South Interior Karnataka and Tamilnadu.

  • The weather outlook for the period of seven days i.e. 19th September to 25th September 2017 forecasted (Provided by Real-Time Weather Forecasts from NOAA/NCEP collected from http://monsoondata.org/wx2/) rain/thundershower may occur over Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim, Gangetic West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Gujarat Region, Konkan & Goa, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamilnadu & Puducherry, Lakshadweep, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and North Eastern States. (Fig. 2).
  • Agricultural activities :

    Haryana

    Weather condition:

    • Dry weather prevailed in Haryana state during past few days. The maximum temperature was above the normal and minimum temperature was also above normal by 0.6 to 3.2°C.

    Contingency measures

    • Cotton: In view of dry weather during the period farmers are advised to apply the irrigation in late sown cotton crop as per the requirement of crop. Due to warm prevailing weather, infestation of myrothecium leaf spot, Bacterial blight in cotton than spray of 800 gram copperoxychloride mixed with 250 liter water per acre. For better leaf adhesive use 10 gram selvat or 50 ml triton in 100 liter solution.

    • Rice: The anticipated weather may favors the development of hopper and leaf folder in rice. Monitor the field at regular intervals by tapping the plants 2 -3 times. If the population of reaches 5-10 planthoppers/hill, spray the crop with 330 ml buprofezin (Tribune) 25 SC, or 250 ml monocrotophos 36 SL or 125 ml dichlorvos (Nuvan) 76 EC or 400 g Carbaryl 50 WP in 200 litres water per acre. The planthoppers can also be controlled by dusting the infested crop with methylparathion 2% dust or Carbaryl 5% dust (Sevin) or by applying 250 ml dichlorvos 76 EC after mixing in 1.5 litres water and 20 kg sand per acre in standing water. Spray must be directed towards base of the plant. Repeat the spray or dust after 10 days if required. In case of leaf folder infestation when 1 -2 larvae per plant are observed, spray 400 ml quinalphos (Ekalux) 20 AF or 200 ml monocrotophos 36 SL in 200 litre water per acre or dust the crop with methylparathion 2% dust @ 10 kg per acre. Monocrotophos 36 SL can be used for controlling both insects.

    • Bajra/Guar: Late sown Bajra and Guar crops monitor the insect/pest and disease, if infestation in the crop than spray as per recommendation of the University when weather remains clear. There will be possibility of bacterial blight in the late sown guar, if infested than spray of Streptocycline 30 gram per acre and 200 gram copper oxychloride with 200 liter water per acre.

    • Animal: Provide 50 grams iodized salt and 50 to 100 grams mineral mixture daily with animal feed/fodder to keep them healthy.

    Figure-1. Latest available satellite picture as on 20th September 2017 at 02:30 Hrs. (IST)

    Figure-2. Precipitation forecast for 20th September to 26th September 2017 (IST) (Source: NOAA /NCEP)

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    Weekly Weather Report

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    Weekly Weather Report

    Week No: 37

    Weather summary during the week - 07th September to 13th September 2017

    Chief Features

    • The axis of monsoon trough at mean sea level ran north of its normal position mainly close to foot hills of Himalayas during the week.

    • Southwest monsoon was vigorous over South Interior Karnataka on a few days; over Madhya Maharashtra, Marathawada, North Interior Karnataka and Rayalaseema on one or two days of the week.

    • Thunderstorm observed at a few places over Jammu & Kashmir, West Bengal & Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Vidarbha, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha on a few days and over Punjab, Konkan & Goa, East Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Assam & Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura, Madhya Maharashtra, interior Karnataka, Coastal Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Rayalaseema, Kerala and Tamilnadu on one or two days of the week.

    Meteorological Analysis

    • The axis of monsoon trough at mean sea level, which was close to the foothills of the Himalayas in the last week shifted southwards and passed through Ganganagar, Hissar, Delhi, Hardoi, Gorakhpur, Muzaffarpur thence eastwards to east Assam across Sub Himalayan West Bengal on 7th; and through Jammu, Patiala, Meerut, Gorakhpur, Muzaffarpur, Purnea and thence eastwards to east Assam across Sub Himalayan West Bengal on 8th. It again shifted northwards and ran close to the foothills of Himalayas on 9th & 10th; it again shifted southwards and ran from Amritsar, Moradabad, Ajamgarh, Patna, Bhagalpur, Berhampur and thence eastsoutheastwards to Tripura on 11th; through Amritsar, Moradabad, Barabanki, Patna, Bankura, Canning and thence southeastwards to northeast Bay of Bengal on 12th; and through Amritsar, Moradabad, Bahraich, Patna, Shantiniketan, Kolkata and thence southeastwards to northeast Bay of Bengal on 13th September.

    • Last week’s cyclonic circulation over Lakshadweep area and neighbourhood between 3.1 & 3.6 km. above mean sea level lay over East Central Arabian Sea and adjoining coastal Karnataka between 1.5 & 2.1 km above mean sea level on 7th and it became less marked on 8th September.

    • Last week’s western disturbance as an upper air cyclonic circulation over Jammu & Kashmir and neighbourhood lay over northeastern parts of Jammu & Kashmir and neighbourhood at 3.1 km above mean sea level on 7th and it moved away eastnortheastwards on 8th September.

    • Last week’s north-south trough from interior Odisha to north Coastal Andhra Pradesh ran from north Chhattisgarh to south Tamil Nadu across Telangana & Rayalaseema and extends upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 7th and it became less marked on 8th September.

    • Last week’s cyclonic circulation over Southwest Bay of Bengal and adjoining coastal areas of Tamil Nadu lay over south Andhra Pradesh & neighbourhood between 1.5 & 3.1 km above mean sea level on 7th; over North Interior Karnataka & neighbourhood between 1.5 & 3.6 km above mean sea level on 8th; and became less marked on 9th.

    • Last week’s cyclonic circulation over northeast Rajasthan & adjoining northwest Madhya Pradesh between 1.5 & 5.8 above mean sea level persisted over the same region on 7th and became less marked on 8th September.

    • Last week’s northsouth trough from east Bihar to north Bay of Bengal across Gangetic West Bengal between 3.1 & 3.6 km above mean sea level became less marked on 7th September.

    • A north-south trough ran from east Bihar to interior Odisha across Gangetic West Bengal at 1.5 km above mean sea level on 7th and it became less marked on 8th September.

    • A Western Disturbance as an upper air cyclonic circulation between 3.1 & 5.8 km above mean sea level lay over north Pakistan & neighbourhood with a trough aloft with its axis at 7.6 km above mean sea level roughly along Longitude 71.0° E to the north of Latitude 32.0 °N on 7th. It was seen as a cyclonic circulation between 3.1 & 4.5 km above mean sea level over north Pakistan & neighbourhood but the trough aloft became less marked on 8th. It persisted over the same region on 9th; it lay centred over north Pakistan & adjoining Jammu & Kashmir on 10th and moved away eastnortheastwards on 11th September.

    • A fresh northsouth trough extended from Madhya Maharashtra to south Tamilnadu across Karnataka and extended upto 0.9 km above mean sea level with an embedded upper air cyclonic circulation over Madhya Maharashtra & neighbourhood between 1.5 & 3.6 km above mean sea level on 8th. It ran from Marathwada to south Kerala across interior Karnataka but the embedded upper air cyclonic circulation over Madhya Maharashtra & neighbourhood became less marked on 9th .It ran from Madhya Maharashtra to North Interior Karnataka and extended upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 10th and became less marked on 11th September.

    • An upper air cyclonic circulation lay over southwest Rajasthan & neighbourhood between 1.5 & 2.1 km above mean sea level on 8th; It persisted over the same region at 3.1 km above mean sea level on 9th and it became less marked thereafter.

    • An upper air cyclonic circulation lay over West Uttar Pradesh between 1.5 & 3.1 km above mean sea level on 8th and it became less marked on 9th September.

    • A northsouth trough ran from Sub Himalayan West Bengal to north Bay of Bengal across Bangladesh between 2.1 km & 3.1km above mean sea level on 9th; from Sub Himalayan West Bengal to interior Odisha across east Jharkhand between 1.5 km and 2.1 km above mean sea level on 10th and it became less marked on 11th September.

    • A cyclonic circulation lay over east Bangladesh & neighbourhood and extended upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 10th; over northeast Bangladesh & neighbourhood between 3.1 km and 7.6 km above mean sea level on 11th; It persisted there but extended upto 5.8 km above mean sea level on 12th; and persisted again over the same region but extended upto 3.1 km above mean sea level on 13th September.

    • An upper air cyclonic circulation lay over Kerala & neighbourhood extending upto 4.5 km above mean sea level with a trough running to Madhya Maharashtra across interior Karnataka and extending upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 11th; It lay over South East Arabian sea and adjoining Kerala and extended upto 2.1 km above mean sea level with the trough running upto south Madhya Maharashtra across coastal Karnataka and extending upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 12th; and over Lakshadweep & neighbourhood extending upto 2.1 km above mean sea level with the trough from the system running g upto south Gujarat region and extending upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 13th September.

    • A Western Disturbance as an upper air cyclonic circulation lay over northeast Afghanistan & adjoining Pakistan at 3.1 km above mean sea level with a trough aloft roughly along Longitude 68.0°E and north of Latitude 32.0°N on 11th. It lay as a trough roughly along Longitude 70.0°E and north of Latitude 32.0°N between 3.1 km and 5.8 km above mean sea level on 12th; and lay as a cyclonic circulation over north Pakistan & neighbourhood between 3.1 km & 3.6 km above mean sea level on 13th September.

    • A northsouth trough ran from east Bihar to north Odisha across east Jharkhand extending upto 1.5 km above mean sea level on 11th; and it became less marked on 12th September.

    • An upper air cyclonic circulation lay over southwest Rajasthan and adjoining south Pakistan between 3.1 km and 3.6 km above mean sea level on 11th; between 1.5 km and 3.1 km above mean sea level on 12th; and over south Rajasthan & adjoining Gujarat at 3.1 km above mean sea level on 13th September 2017.

    • An upper air cyclonic circulation lay over Gangetic West Bengal and adjoining southwest Bangladesh between 1.5 km & 2.1 km above mean sea level on 12th; and over northwest Bay of Bengal and adjoining Gangetic West Bengal & Odisha extending upto 1.5 km above mean sea level on 13th September.

    • A Western Disturbance as a trough in mid tropospheric westerlies ran roughly along Longitude 65.0°E and north of Latitude 28.0°N at 5.8 km above mean sea level on 13th September .

    Average rainfall during the week

    • The The All India area weighted rainfall during the week 31.7 mm was 31% below normal (46.2 mm).
    • The subdivision-wise weekly rainfall distribution is presented in Fig.1. Rainfall was L. excess in 5, excess in 3, normal in 5, deficit in 11, L. deficit in 12 and no rain in 0 out of 36 meteorological sub-divisions.

    Cumulative Seasonal rainfall (1st June to 13th September 2017)

    • The cumulative seasonal rainfall during 1st June to 13th September  2017 over the country as a whole was 752.7 mm which is 6% below normal rainfall of 802.0 mm
    • The subdivision-wise seasonal rainfall distribution is presented in Fig. 2. Rainfall was L. excess in 0, excess in 6, normal in 22, deficit in 8, L. deficit in 0 and no rain in 0 out of 36 meteorological sub-divisions.

    State-wise distribution of number of districts with excess, normal, deficient, scanty and no rainfall during monsoon season rainfall (1st June to 13th September 2017)

    • In the country, 5% districts received large excess, 12% districts received excess and 45% districts normal rainfall during monsoon season so far. However, 36 districts received deficient, 2% districts received large deficient rainfall and 0% districts received no rainfall and 0 districts received no data. (Table-1).

    Weekly rainfall departure (%) at different IMD subdivisions (2017)

    • During the week under report 5 Sub-divisions viz.; Marathwada, Madhya Maharashtra, North Interior Karnataka, South Interior Karnataka and Lakshadweep received large excess rainfall, 3 Sub-divisions viz.; Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura Rayalaseema and Tamil Nadu & Puducherry received excess rainfall, 5 Sub-divisions viz.; Arunachal Pradesh, Assam & Meghalaya, Vidarbha, Konkan & Goa and Kerala received normal rainfall and remaining 23 Sub-divisions received either deficit / large deficit / no rainfall. (Table-2).

    Table 1. State wise distribution of number of districts with excess, normal,
    deficient, scanty and no rainfall (01.06.2017 to 13.09.2017)

    S. NO.

    STATES

    LE

    E

    N

    D

    LD

    NR

    ND

    TOTAL

    1

    A & N ISLAND(UT)

    0

    0

    1

    2

    0

    0

    0

    3

    2.

    ARUNACHAL PRADESH

    2

    0

    5

    5

    1

    0

    3

    16

    3.

    ASSAM

    0

    3

    19

    4

    0

    0

    1

    27

    4.

    MEGHALAYA

    1

    0

    1

    2

    0

    0

    3

    7

    5.

    NAGALAND

    1

    0

    1

    1

    1

    0

    7

    11

    6.

    MANIPUR

    1

    0

    0

    3

    0

    0

    5

    9

    7.

    MIZORAM

    1

    1

    1

    0

    0

    0

    6

    9

    8.

    TRIPURA

    1

    1

    2

    0

    0

    0

    0

    4

    9.

    SIKKIM

    0

    0

    2

    2

    0

    0

    0

    4

    10.

    WEST BENGAL

    0

    2

    15

    2

    0

    0

    0

    19

    11.

    ODISHA

    0

    1

    19

    10

    0

    0

    0

    30

    12.

    JHARKHAND

    0

    3

    15

    6

    0

    0

    0

    24

    13.

    BIHAR

    0

    3

    21

    14

    0

    0

    0

    38

    14.

    UTTAR PRADESH

    0

    0

    23

    43

    6

    0

    0

    72

    15.

    UTTARAKHAND

    0

    2

    9

    2

    0

    0

    0

    13

    16.

    HARYANA

    0

    0

    8

    13

    0

    0

    0

    21

    17.

    CHANDIGARH(UT)

    0

    0

    1

    0

    0

    0

    0

    1

    18.

    DELHI

    0

    0

    2

    6

    0

    0

    1

    9

    19.

    PUNJAB

    0

    2

    9

    8

    1

    0

    0

    20

    20.

    HIMACHAL PRADESH

    0

    1

    8

    2

    1

    0

    0

    12

    21.

    JAMMU & KASHMIR

    3

    3

    10

    4

    0

    0

    2

    22

    22.

    RAJASTHAN

    4

    6

    9

    14

    0

    0

    0

    33

    23.

    MADHYA PRADESH

    0

    0

    17

    34

    0

    0

    0

    51

    24.

    GUJARAT

    5

    8

    16

    4

    0

    0

    0

    33

    25.

    DNH & DAMAN(UTs)

    0

    1

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    1

    26.

    DIU(UT)

    1

    0

    1

    0

    0

    0

    0

    2

    27.

    GOA

    0

    0

    0

    2

    0

    0

    0

    2

    28.

    MAHARASHTRA

    0

    8

    14

    14

    0

    0

    0

    36

    29.

    CHHATISGARH

    0

    3

    9

    15

    0

    0

    0

    27

    30.

    ANDHRA PRADESH

    0

    6

    7

    0

    0

    0

    0

    13

    31.

    TELANGANA

    0

    0

    7

    3

    0

    0

    0

    10

    32.

    TAMILNADU

    12

    12

    7

    1

    0

    0

    0

    32

    33.

    PONDICHERRY(UT)

    0

    1

    1

    0

    0

    0

    2

    4

    34.

    KARNATAKA

    2

    8

    13

    7

    0

    0

    0

    30

    35.

    KERALA

    0

    0

    10

    4

    0

    0

    0

    14

    36.

    LAKSHADWEEP(UT)

    0

    0

    1

    0

    0

    0

    0

    1

    TOTAL

    34

    75

    284

    227

    10

    0

    30

    660

    CATEGORYWISE DISTRIBUTION OF DISTRICTS OUT OF THE 630 WHOSE DATA RECEIVED

    5%

    12%

    45%

    36%

    2%

    0%

     

     

     

    >

    CATEGORY

    NO. OF STATE/UT

    L. EXCESS

    5

    EXCESS

    12

    NORMAL

    45

    DEFICIENT

    36

    L.DEFICIENT

    2

    NO RAIN

    0

    NO DATA

     

    Crop weather conditions
    (10th to 16th September 2017)

    The crop weather conditions in different states as reported by the cooperating centers of AICRPAM are as under:

    Maharashtra


    Vidarbha region
    Light rainfall received in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state during this week. Maximum temperature across the week was 0.3°C below normal and the minimum temperature was 1.3°C above normal. Agricultural operations like harvesting/threshing of green gram/black gram underway. Hoeing/weeding operations are underway in cotton, pigeonpea and late sown soybean. Plant protection measures are being undertaken in cotton (sap sucking pest/bollworm) and late soybean (leaf eating caterpillar). In-situ moisture conservation practices (furrow opening) are being imposed in late sown cotton , pigeonpea and soybean crops are in progress. Normal sown cotton through square initiation/flowering/boll formation phase. Earlier sown (24/25 MW)soybean is at pod formation/seed development stage, early varieties like JS 9560 towards physiological maturity. Sorghum at boot stage and pigeon pea through vegetative development phase. Greengram at harvest stage. Black gram at physiological maturity. Acid lime/papaya at harvest stage as per maturity of fruits. Moderate to high intensity of aphid, jassids, white fly in cotton and leaf eating caterpillar in soybean was noticed.


    Madhya Maharashtra region
    Dry weather prevailed in Madhya Maharashtra region of Maharashtra state during this week.   The maximum temperature ranged between 32.2 to 33.2 °C and the average maximum temperature recorded was 32.2 °C (normal 32.4 °C) and the maximum temperature across the week was 0.2 °C less normal. The minimum temperature ranged between 19.9 to 22.1 °C and the average minimum temperature recorded was 21.4 °C (normal 21.5 °C) and the minimum temperature across the week was 0.1 °C below normal. Agricultural operations like harvesting of kharif crops and  land preparation for rabi crops sowing are in progress. Pearl millet is at maturity stage  and redgram is at flowering stage. Moderate intensity of hairy caterpillar in sunflower was noticed.


    Marathwada Region
    Very light rainfall received in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state during this week. The maximum and minimum temperatures were ranged between 27.5 to 33.5 °C and 21.5 to 24.5°C, respectively. Agricultural operations like intercultural operations like weeding, spraying on cotton and soybean and harvesting of green gram and black gram crop are in progress. Cotton is in boll formation to boll development stage, soybean is at pod formation to grain formation stage, and pigeon pea are at development stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.


    Assam
    Light rainfall received in Assam state during this week. Daily average maximum temperature was 32.3°C which was 0.24 °C above normal and the average daily minimum temperature was 25.1°C which was 0.71 °C above normal for the week. Agricultural operations like sowing of seeds of rabi vegetables like cauliflower, knol khol, brinjal, radish and intercultural operations in greengram and blackgram crops are in progress. Sali rice is in maximum tillering stage and greengram and blackgram are at seedling stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.


    Uttar Pradesh
    West Uttar Pradesh
    Dry weather prevailed in West Uttar Pradesh region of Uttar Pradesh state during the week. Agricultural operations like irrigation, top dressing in paddy, spraying, irrigation in maze, sorghum, weeding in pigeonpea, watching from insect and pests black gram & green gram, irrigation in groundnut and plucking, marketing, spray insecticide/pesticide  in leafy vegetable, brinjal and chilli crops are in progress. Paddy is in PI / flowering stage, maze is in milking/ seed setting stage, sorghum is in vegetative stage, pigeonpea is in sowing to emergence stage, black gram & green gram are at emergence to vegetative stage, groundnut is in pegging stage,  black gram & green gram are at flowering stage and vegetables/ cucurbits are at flowering to fruiting stage. Low intensity of gundhibug, in paddy, shoot borer in maize, laf roller sorghum and Fruit borer in vegetable crop was noticed.


    East Uttar Pradesh
    Scattered rainfall occurred in East Uttar Pradesh region of Uttar Pradesh state during the week. Agricultural operations like second top dressing of nitrogen fertilizer at pi stage in early/medium transplanted rice. Sowing of late pigeonpea, urd, moong, intercultural operations in pigeonpea, urd, moong, transplanting of cauliflower, brinjal, chilli, tomato, sugarcane and fertilizer application in sugarcane crops are in progress. Paddy is in is in panicle stage while early maturing rice such as NDR-97, Pant-12, NDR-80 are in dough stage and pigeonpea is in early vegetative stage. Low intensity of khaira in paddy  crop was noticed.


    Himachal Pradesh
    Light rainfall received in Himachal Pradesh state during the week. The maximum and the minimum temperature during the week ranged between 26.5 to 27.5 °C and 16.5 to 18.5°C which were above normal by 0.6 to 2.0°C and 0.1 to 0.6°C during most part of the week. Agricultural operations like hand weeding in the rice, maize crops and farmers are arranging the fodder for cattle and dairy animals are in progress. Maize is in grain filling stage, rice is in panicle emergence stage and vegetables are in picking stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.


    Jammu & Kashmir
    Mainly clear weather prevailed in Jammu region of Jammu & Kashmir state during this week. Both maximum and minimum temperatures remained in normal limits and ranged from 32.5 to 35.0 °C and 21.0 to 24.7 °C, respectively. Agricultural operations like sowing of toria crop under conserved moisture in rainfed/irrigated condition. Early transplanted varieties from nursery to field is in progress. Irrigation in paddy, maize and pulse crops. Soil moisture conservation practices in kharif pulses and oil seed crops. Irrigation in horticulture crops and sowing of early verities like spinach, radish and cole crops. Plant protection measures in paddy, maize, pulses and kharif oilseed crops is in progress. Maize is at reproductive stage. Kharif pulses is at pod formation stage. Kharif oil seed is at flowering to pod formation stage. Early transplanted paddy is at anthesis stage. Normal transplanted paddy is at spike emergence stage. Late transplanted paddy is at vegetative stage and basmati rice is at flag leaf stage. Moderate intensity of jassids in maize and blast in paddy crop was noticed.


    Jharkhand
    Very light rainfall received in Jharkhand state during the week. Daily maximum and minimum temperature ranged from 28.4 to 32.4 ºC and 20.5 to 23.5 ºC, respectively. Average weekly maximum and minimum temperature was 30.7 to 22.5 ºC,respectively and their normal value is 28.8 to 22.1 ºC which was moderately higher from their normal value. Agricultural operations like interculturing; hoeing in kharif crops and urea broadcasting in rice crops are in progress. Early sown rice is in booting stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.


    Kerala
    Light rainfall received in Kerala state during the week. The maximum temperature ranged from 23.1 to 24.4 °C and minimum temperature ranged from 29.7 to 35.3 °C. Agricultural operations like field preparation for winter season vegetables and orchards are in progress. Paddy is in dough stage. Low intensity of sigatoka in banana, bug in rice,  bud rot in coconut and quick wilt in pepper was noticed.


    Karnataka
    South Karnataka
    Light rainfall received in south Karnataka region of Karnataka state during the week. State actual rainfall was 55.0 mm as against the normal of 28.0 mm with (+) 96 % deviation. Whereas SIK received 69.0 mm of actual rainfall as against the normal of 22.0 mm leading to (+) 220 % deviation. Total targeted area of 73.00 lakh hectare, 58.46 lakh hectares has been covered under sowing (81.3%). Agricultural operations like intercultural operation in kharif crops is progress. Removing excess rainwater in crop field is progress. Sowing of medium to short durations crops is under progress. Recommended to take up gap filling and other cultural operations like thinning, mulching and earthing up were encouraged in already sown kharif crops is under progress. Redgram is in vegetative to branching and early flowering stage. Maize is in early vegetative to branching/tasseling/ blossoming stage. Groundnut is in early vegetative to flag leaf and flowering stage and pulse crops are vegetative to flowering stage. Low intensity of cut worms and leaf folder in redgram was noticed.


    North Karnataka
    Light to moderate rainfall received in Northern Karnataka region of Karnataka state during the week. Agricultural operations like land preparation for rabi sowing and sowing of rabi sorghum and sunflower plant protection measures in pigeonpea and horticultural crops are under progress. Pigeonpea is at branching to flowering stage, bajra is in grain filling stage, groundnut is in  pod development stage and greengram is in harvesting stage. Low intensity of stem borer in maize and leaf minor in groundnut and black fly in citrus was noticed.


    Odisha
    Light rainfall received in Odisha state during the week. Agricultural operations like weeding, gap filling of early planted paddy, top dressing of rice, plant protection and propping of sugarcane,  plant protection of cotton, harvesting of jute, planting of mango, cashew nut, coconut, papaya, drumstick,  of tube rose, chrysanthemum and marigold, nursery sowing of tomato and brinjal, intercultural operation and top dressing of sesame, groundnut, cotton and pulses, sowing of niger, castor, sesame and pulses crops are in progress. Transplanting stage in main field PI stage of early rice, tillering stage of medium and late rice, grand growth stage of sugarcane, tillering stage of ragi in nursery, branching to pre flowering stage of arhar, branching stage of cotton, silking stage of kharif maize, fruiting stage of brinjal, okra and cucurbits, vegetative stage of turmeric, zinger, colocasia and yam, harvesting stage of jute, seed initiation stage of groundnut  and branching to vegetative stage of pulses like green gram and blackgram. Low intensity of bacterial leaf blight, blast, brown plant hopper, brown spot, foot rot, gal midge and gundhi bug in paddy crop was noticed.


    Punjab
    Light rainfall received in Punjab state during this week. The maximum temperature ranged between 31.0 to 34.8°C and minimum temperature ranged between 23.6 to 26.2°C. Agricultural operations like irrigation in rice, sugarcane and cotton and sowing of brasica is in progress. Rice and maize are at harvesting stage, groundnut is in near maturity stage and cotton is at picking stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.


    Rajasthan
    Isolated light rainfall occurred in the Rajasthan state during this week. Most of the part in the state experienced dry weather. The maximum temperature ranged from 31.0 to 32.9°C with mean of 31.8 °C which was 0.8 °C higher than normal, minimum temperature was ranged from 19.5 to 23.0 °C with mean value of 21.6 °C which was higher by 0.6 °C as compared to normal value. Agricultural operations like plant protection measures in soybean, pulses, cotton cleaning of fields are in progress. Maize is at tasseling to grain development stage, soybean is at flowering to pod development stage and groundnut is in pod development stage. Moderate intensity of thrips and tobacco cater pillar in soybean crop was noticed.


    Tamil Nadu
    Light rainfall recorded in Kovilpatti region of Tamil Nadu state during this week. Maximum temperature across the week was 4.6°C below normal and the minimum temperature was 1.6°C above normal. Agricultural operations like field preparation for northeast monsoon season is in progress. Cotton, sorghum, pulses and maize are in vegetative stage. Sugarcane is in grand growth stage to maturity stage. Onion is in nursery stage and banana is in bunch development stage. Low intensity of thrips in onion and stem borer in sorghum crop was noticed.


    Uttarakhand

    Clear weather prevailed in Uttarakhand state during this week. The Maximum temperature ranges from 34.2 to 35.9 °C and minimum temperature ranges from 24.5 to 28.0°C, respectively. Agricultural operations like harvesting of barnyard millet, paddy (rainfed) at mid altitude. hoeing and weeding in vegetable pea. paddy (irrigated) harvesting at valley is in progress. Finger millet is in reproductive stage and  pea, toria & pulses are in seedling stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.
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